Syntax: Introduction to Sentential Structure
CAS LX 321, GRS LX 621—Fall 2017
|Meeting time||TR 12:30-1:45, CAS 204A|
|Office||621 Commonwealth Ave., Rm. 105|
|Office Hours||TR 11-12; W 2-3 (and by appointment)|
Prerequisite: CAS LX250 (Intro to Linguistics), or consent of instructor.
Course Description: Introduction to syntax as an object of inquiry. Students build an increasingly sophisticated model of syntactic knowledge to account for data from English and other languages, constructing and evaluating alternative hypotheses about how sentence structure works.
This course can be taken either as CAS LX 321 or as GRS LX 621, and students registered for GRS LX 621 will have more significant responsiblities, reflecting the graduate nature of the course.
Students completing this course will…
- Gain an understanding of the complexity and diversity of syntactic structures of natural language
- Learn how to construct and test hypotheses, and evaluate arguments based on linguistic data
- Learn how to construct and evaluate theoretical models
- Gain an implicit understanding of the historical development of theoretical approaches to natural language syntax
- Gain a foundation for further study of syntax
Course Requirements and grading
|Assignments (lowest score dropped)||50%||40%|
Class participation will be assessed on the basis of your attendance record and your level of participation in class discussions/in-class exercises.
The Assignments will be problem sets, usually taken from the textbook. They will make extensive use of Syntactica. Your lowest assignment grade will be dropped in calculating the assignment average. Graduate students will have additional readings for discussion.
Both the Midterm and the Final examinations will be a mixture of problem-solving and short-answer questions. The Final will not be cumulative, in the sense that pre-Midterm material will not be tested directly on the Final. However, post-Midterm material builds heavily on the conceptual foundations lain down during the first half of the course.
Copyright. All materials used in this course are copyrighted. Reproducing class materials, or uploading them to websites, is a copyright infringement. Most course material is available already on this very site, but things that are not made available are not to be made available to people outside the course.
Assignments will be posted here or handed out in class generally on Thursdays, and are generally due the following Thursday. Homework assignments can be sent (whenever feasible, and unless otherwise indicated) by email, or handed in on paper. It is your responsibility to ensure that electronically submitted material is in a readable format—if there is a question (for example, if you use a special font or an obscure word processor), send it early for verification. Unreadable submissions do not count as having been handed in. Email submissions must be before the start of class on the day they are due.
Neatness counts. You will not be given the benefit of the doubt for unreadable answers or trees. Points taken away by a grader made angry by illegible responses will not be refunded even if the underlying answer is arguably correct. Ideally, you will typeset your trees. A good way to do that is with phpSyntaxTree (source on github). We will spend some time in class talking about this. We may also make some limited use of Syntactica, available from this MIT Press site: https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/grammar-science.
Late assignments are not accepted, except under relevant extenuating circumstances.
Please let me know of any unavoidable absences, whether for religious, personal, or health reasons, as soon as you become aware of them. If you know you will be observing one or more religious holidays this semester, please examine the schedule to determine which class days you will need to miss, and let us know by email as soon as possible. We will work with you to help you catch up on missed work, in accordance with BU’s policy on religious absences: (http://www.bu.edu/academics/policies/absence-for-religious-reasons/)
No make-up exams will be granted, unless compelling personal, religious, or medical reasons force you to miss an examination and you have permission in advance. The decision to grant or refuse a make-up exam is mine. A make-up exam will always be accommodated in the event of a religious absence.
Readings/Videos. There is no textbook for this course, although sometimes readings may be assigned. You will be told how to access any that are assigned. At various times during the semester, I plan to post video lectures that you will be notified of here and will be expected to watch before the relevant class, so it can be discussed in class. In general, the goal is to use class time to reinforce, practice, and extend material found in readings, homework, or posted videos.
Classroom etiquette. No cell phones, except when special permission is given to take photographs of the board. Laptops are to be used only when working with Syntactica in class, or for taking notes. In the case of note-taking, there is some evidence that you’d be better off doing it the old-fashioned way: http://www.vox.com/2014/6/4/5776804/note-taking-by-hand-versus-laptop. Either way, please turn off notifications on your laptop/phone/tablet, close Snapgram, Facechat, Instabook, etc., while in class. Particularly without a textbook, the material in the class is important to absorb and everyone behind you can see and will be distracted by whatever you have going on on your screen.
Extra credit exercises will be granted only at our discretion and, if granted at all, will be made available to the whole class in the form of additional “bonus” sections of assignments or exams.
Academic integrity. It is essential that you read and adhere to the CAS Student Academic Conduct Code. Graduate students must also follow the policies of the GRS Academic Conduct code.
Collaboration. If you decide to form a study group to work together on assignments, your collaboration should not go beyond discussing ideas together. In other words, you must write up your own assignment separately from the group, using only your own words (except when quoting other work directly, in which case use citations as standard). The underlying principle is that what you turn in should reflect your understanding and show your own ability to communicate the ideas. Here of some examples of you shouldn’t be doing:
- Having one or more members of the group produce a “group draft,” “group essay plan,” or “group grammar,” which individual members of the group then customize.
- Writing up on separate computers while conferring with each other in real time (whether in person or via skype, chat services, or any other medium).
- Using another student’s complete assignment as a reference when completing your own.
Furthermore, when assignments are problem-set-based rather than essay-based, I’d encourage you to try to work alone, at least at first, before coming together with fellow students. Otherwise, it will be hard for you to tell how much you’ve really understood. That said, working with a study group after that is actually quite helpful and also encouraged.